As a home gardener, I prefer to use organic substances for my garden. It protects both environment and our health. There are organic fertilizers as well as pesticides. If you need to be environmentally friendly, then your choice must be organic products for the garden.
Insects and pests are common problems for gardens. The type or the variety of pests that come to the garden depends on the location and crops. You need to struggle a lot to prevent the damages caused by them. Organic or natural pesticides contain no chemical or a small amount of chemical. Many pesticide manufacturers are moving towards these natural pesticides due to the high demand.
Types of natural pesticides
There are several types of natural pesticides. As a gardener, you need to know these types. Let’s check out the types of natural pesticides available at the market.
Biochemical pesticides are very simple. They can be either man-made or natural and help to control insects population.
Microbial pesticides introduce a disease to a particular insect population. It can be a virus, fungi, algae, or protozoans.
Botanical pesticides derive from plants. They are effective in eliminating insects from your garden.
Mineral pesticides are a good remedy to get rid of common insect pests. They include sulfur and lime sulfur.
Benefits of organic and natural pest control
Protecting our environment is our paramount duty as human beings. If there is anything that harms the environment, we should avoid that. The chemical sprays damage our environment. Though their effectiveness is high in pest control, the eco-friendliness is at a very low level. The natural environment, including animals, water bodies, and soil, gets polluted due to pesticides’ harmful chemicals.
Organic pest control products do not contain harmful chemicals. So the adverse effects on the environment are very low. Organic or natural pesticides are made using food or plant-based oils. They help to keep away pests from your crops without harming the environment.
Pests can’t resist natural pesticides
You may have experienced that some artificial chemical products become useless after few seasons. The reason for this is pests become adapted to those chemicals. The resistance made within the pests passes from generation to generation. So you need to try various pesticides to get rid of pests. If you have been fed up with changing the pesticide over time, then try an organic product. Pests are less likely to develop resistance to natural pesticides.
Offers long term results
The long-term effectiveness is comparatively high in natural pesticides. You don’t need to apply organic pesticides repeatedly month after month like inorganic ones.
Repeated use of pesticides is not suitable for the plant. So you won’t get any problems when using organic pesticides.
Safe to use
The health hazards coming due to inorganic pesticides do not become visible immediately. They come with time. You don’t need to bother about safety when using organic pesticides. Inorganic pesticides contain harsh chemicals that are harmful to our hands, kids, and pets. Pets tend to eat the ground. The chemicals that remain on the ground can harm them. The high toxic environment created after using pesticides put our children in danger. Organic pesticides don’t have these adverse effects.
You can make natural pesticides at home. It does not need lots of stuff. Most of them are available at home. So the cost of natural pesticides is low.
What are natural pesticides?
You can easily make natural pesticides at home. They need only a few household substances. I will tell you some natural pesticides and the way to make them.
Salt is available at every house. Have you ever think that it can be used as a pesticide? A salt spray is ideal for getting rid of spiders. Make a salt solution by mixing it in warm water. Then spray the solution to the infected area. This will eliminate the pests.
Neem is a famous natural pesticide that can control pests’ diseases. You can make neem oil using neem leaves. Take some leaves and grind them well. Then put it into a spray bottle and add some water. Add some organic soap into the solution to get more benefits. You need to spray the solution on the affected area immediately after making it.
You can find garlic in the kitchen. It is good for eliminating beetles and larvae from the garden. It has repellent properties and also adds color to the garden.
Cultivate trap crops
Trap crops repel pests away from the plants. It is a traditional method to avoid pests in cultivation. Companion plants also do the same task. Those are planted within the vicinity of the victim plants. They attract beneficial insects like lacewings and ladybirds. They act as a pollination agent too.
You can grow marigold or nasturtiums to deter aphids from attacking beans and carrots. Insects like carrot root flies are highly resistant to these plants.
What are the disadvantages of organic pesticides?
Though organic pesticides have lots of advantages, they also have some drawbacks. They take a long period to show results. Anyway, the result will last for a long time. You can simply make natural pesticides at home, as mentioned above. But there are organic pesticides available at the market. They cost more than the inorganic ones.
To Sum Up
Inorganic pesticides cause more harm than good. It has so many disadvantages to ourselves as well as to the environment. The world is turning towards organic agriculture. It is good for our health too. There are several organic, and natural pesticides are available in the market. You can make your own pesticide by collecting things from the environment. Transforming to organic cultivation from inorganic needs a deep understanding of your garden’s soil, insects, and landscape. Try to use organic pesticides as much as possible to avoid environmental pollution.